Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Cure

Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Cure

Gum Disease Causes, Symptoms and Cure - Best Dentist in South Delhi

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection that affects the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth. It is a common condition that affects people of all ages, but it is more prevalent in adults over the age of 30. Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth and gums, which can lead to inflammation and infection. In this article, Dr. Pooja Jain, the best dentist in South Delhi will discuss the causes, symptoms, and cures of gum disease. Read on!

Causes of Gum Disease

The primary cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. When we do not brush and floss our teeth regularly, plaque accumulates on the teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth, and when it is not removed, it hardens into tartar. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing and flossing alone, and it requires a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Other factors that contribute to the development of gum disease include:

  • Smoking or using tobacco products
  • Poor nutrition and a diet high in sugar and carbohydrates
  • Genetics
  • Medications that reduce the production of saliva
  • Hormonal changes in women, such as during pregnancy or menopause
  • Medical conditions, such as diabetes or HIV/AIDS
  • Stress

Symptoms of Gum Disease

The early stages of gum disease may not cause any noticeable symptoms, which is why it is essential to practice good oral hygiene and visit your dentist regularly. As gum disease progresses, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
  • Receding gums, which make the teeth appear longer
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in the way the teeth fit together when biting
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
  • Pus between the teeth and gums
  • Changes in the way partial dentures fit

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible. Gum disease is easier to treat in its early stages, and prompt treatment can prevent further damage to the teeth and gums. Dr. Pooja Jain is the most trusted best dentist in Delhi and among the most popular best dentist in South Delhi.

Cures for Gum Disease

The treatment for gum disease depends on the severity of the condition. In its early stages, gum disease can be treated with non-surgical procedures, such as scaling and root planning. Scaling involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums, while root planning smooths the surface of the tooth root to prevent bacteria from accumulating. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to treat the infection.

In more severe cases of gum disease, surgical intervention may be necessary. Gum surgery can be used to remove infected tissue and promote the growth of healthy tissue. Other surgical procedures, such as bone grafts or guided tissue regeneration, may be necessary to restore the bone and tissue that supports the teeth.

Prevention of Gum Disease:

Preventing gum disease is the best way to avoid the need for treatment. Good oral hygiene habits can help prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar that can lead to gum disease. These habits include:

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
  • Flossing daily
  • Using an antimicrobial mouthwash
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Quitting smoking or using tobacco products
  • Visiting the dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings


Gum disease is a common condition that can lead to serious oral health problems if left untreated. Practicing good oral hygiene, visiting your dentist regularly, and making healthy lifestyle choices are the best ways to prevent gum disease. If you experience any symptoms of gum disease, such as red, swollen or bleeding gums, it is important to seek treatment from a dental professional. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects the gums and supporting structure at 32 Strong provide the best Gum Disease Treatment in South Delhi.


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